GPC23: The Sacrament, Gospel Principles Comments and Resources

Gospel Principles
Unit 6: The Gospel of Jesus Christ
Chapter 23: The Sacrament
Comments and Resources

"Elder Melvin J. Ballard testified:  "Who is there among us that does not wound his spirit by word, thought, or deed, from Sabbath to Sabbath?  We do things for which we are sorry and desire to be forgiven, or we have erred against someone and given injury...  "...We want every Latter-day Saint to come to the sacrament table because it is the place for self-investigation; for self-inspection, where we may learn to rectify our course and to make right our own lives, bringing ourselves into harmony with the teachings of the Church and with our brothers and sisters." (Sermons and Missionary Services of Melvin Joseph Ballard, pp. 148-50.) 

During the study of this topic, we will learn when the sacrament was instituted, what it symbolizes, what we promise when partaking of it, what we should do to be worthy to partake of it, and how it will help us gain eternal life.

Resources:
Gospel Principles: chapter 23
Jesus the Christ, chapter 33.
The Articles of Faith, chapter 9.

Scriptures:

3 Nephi 18:1-10; 20:3-9
  "3 Nephi 18:1-10
   1 And it came to pass that Jesus commanded his Disciples that they should bring forth some bread and wine unto him.
  2 And while they were gone for bread and wine, he commanded the multitude that they should sit themselves down upon the earth. 
  3 And when the Disciples had come with bread and wine, he took of the bread and brake and blessed it; and he gave unto the Disciples and commanded that they should eat.
  4 And when they had eaten and were filled, he commanded that they should give unto the multitude. 
  5 And when the multitude had eaten and were filled, he said unto the Disciples: Behold there shall one be ordained among you, and to him will I give power that he shall break bread and bless it and give it unto the people of my church, unto all those who shall believe and be baptized in my name. 
  6 And this shall ye always observe to do, even as I have done, even as I have broken bread and blessed it and given it unto you.
  7 And this shall ye do in remembrance of my body, which I have shown unto you.  And it shall be a testimony unto the Father that ye do always remember me.  And if ye do always remember me ye shall have my Spirit to be with you.
  8 And it came to pass that when he said these words, he commanded his Disciples that they should take of the wine of the cup and drink of it, and that they should also give unto the multitude that they might drink of it.
  9 And it came to pass that they did so, and did drink of it and were filled; and they gave unto the multitude, and they did drink, and they were filled.
  10 And when the Disciples had done this, Jesus said unto them: Blessed are ye for this thing which ye have done, for this is fulfilling my commandments, and this doth witness unto the Father that ye are willing to do that which I have commanded you."

3 Nephi 20:3-9
  "3 And it came to pass that he brake bread again and blessed it, and gave to the disciples to eat.
  4 And when they had eaten he commanded them that they should break bread, and give unto the multitude. 
  5 And when they had given unto the multitude he also gave them wine to drink, and commanded them that they should give unto the multitude. 
  6 Now, there had been no bread, neither wine, brought by the disciples, neither by the multitude;
  7 But he truly gave unto them bread to eat, and also wine to drink.
  8 And he said unto them: He that eateth this bread eateth of my body to his soul; and he that drinketh of this wine drinketh of my blood to his soul; and his soul shall never hunger nor thirst, but shall be filled.
  9 Now, when the multitude had all eaten and drunk, behold, they were filled with the Spirit; and they did cry out with one voice, and gave glory to Jesus, whom they both saw and heard."

Moroni 4-5

 Moroni 4
"How the elders and priests administer the sacramental bread.  Between A.D. 400 and 421
  1 The manner of their elders and priests administering the flesh and blood of Christ unto the church; and they administered it according to the commandments of Christ; wherefore we know the manner to be true; and the elder or priest did minister it
  2 And they did kneel down with the church, and pray to the Father in the name of Christ, saying:
  3 O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this bread to the souls of all those who partake of it; that they may eat in remembrance of the body of thy Son, and witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son, and always remember him, and keep his commandments which he hath given them, that they may always have his Spirit to be with them.  Amen."

Moroni 5
"The mode of administering the sacramental wine is set forth.  Between A.D. 400 and 421
  1 The manner of administering the wine Behold, they took the cup, and said:
  2 O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee, in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this wine to the souls of all those who drink of it, that they may do it in remembrance of the blood of thy Son, which was shed for them; that they may witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they do always remember him, that they may have his Spirit to be with them.  Amen."

D&C 20:75-84; 27
  "75 It is expedient that the church meet together often to partake of bread and wine in the remembrance of the Lord Jesus;
  76 And the elder or priest shall administer it; and after this manner shall he administer it he shall kneel with the church and call upon the Father in solemn prayer, saying:
  77 O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this bread to the souls of all those who partake of it, that they may eat in remembrance of the body of thy Son, and witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they are willing to take upon them the name of thy Son, and always remember him and keep his commandments which he has given them; that they may always have his Spirit to be with them.  Amen.
  78 The manner of administering the wine he shall take the cup also, and say:
  79 O God, the Eternal Father, we ask thee in the name of thy Son, Jesus Christ, to bless and sanctify this wine to the souls of all those who drink of it, that they may do it in remembrance of the blood of thy Son, which was shed for them; that they may witness unto thee, O God, the Eternal Father, that they do always remember him, that they may have his Spirit to be with them.  Amen.
  80 Any member of the church of Christ transgressing, or being overtaken in a fault, shall be dealt with as the scriptures direct.
  81 It shall be the duty of the several churches, composing the church of Christ, to send one or more of their teachers to attend the several conferences held by the elders of the church,
  82 With a list of the names of the several members uniting themselves with the church since the last conference; or send by the hand of some priest; so that a regular list of all the names of the whole church may be kept in a book by one of the elders, whomsoever the other elders shall appoint from time to time;
  83 And also, if any have been expelled from the church, so that their names may be blotted out of the general church record of names.
  84 All members removing from the church where they reside, if going to a church where they are not known, may take a letter certifying that they are regular members and in good standing, which certificate may be signed by any elder or priest if the member receiving the letter is personally acquainted with the elder or priest, or it may be signed by the teachers or deacons of the church."

 D&C 27
"Revelation given to Joseph Smith the Prophet, at Harmony, Pennsylvania, August 1830. HC 1:106 108. In preparation for a religious service at which the sacrament of bread and wine was to be administered, Joseph set out to procure wine for the occasion.  He was met by a heavenly messenger and received this revelation, a portion of which was written at the time, and the remainder in the September following.  Water is now used instead of wine in the sacramental services of the Church. 
1-4, The emblems to be used in partaking of the sacrament are set forth; 5-14, Christ and his servants from all dispensations are to partake of the sacrament; 15-18, Put on the whole armor of God."

Jesus & the Twelve have passover before Judas betrays him
Matthew 26:17-30
Mark 14:12-26
Luke 22:7-20

John 6:6-35  Christ feeds the 5000
  "26 Jesus answered them and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Ye seek me, not because ye saw the miracles, but because ye did eat of the loaves, and were filled.
  27 Labour not for the meat which perisheth, but for that meat which endureth unto everlasting life, which the Son of man shall give unto you: for him hath God the Father sealed.
  28 Then said they unto him, What shall we do, that we might work the works of God?
  29 Jesus answered and said unto them, This is the work of God, that ye believe on him whom he hath sent.
  30 They said therefore unto him, What sign shewest thou then, that we may see, and believe thee?  what dost thou work?
  31 Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.
  32 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Moses gave you not that bread from heaven; but my Father giveth you the true bread from heaven.
  33 For the bread of God is he which cometh down from heaven, and giveth life unto the world.
  34 Then said they unto him, Lord, evermore give us this bread.
  35 And Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life: he that cometh to me shall never hunger; and he that believeth on me shall never thirst."

1 corinthians 11:22-29
  "22 What?  have ye not houses to eat and to drink in?  or despise ye the church of God, and shame them that have not?  What shall I say to you?  shall I praise you in this?  I praise you not.
  23 For I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you, That the Lord Jesus the same night in which he was betrayed took bread:
  24 And when he had given thanks, he brake it, and said, Take, eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this do in remembrance of me. 
  25 After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of me. 
  26 For as often as ye eat this bread, and drink this cup, ye do shew the Lord's death till he come. 
  27 Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.
  28 But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.
  29 For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body."


Topical Guide:
                            Bread of Life
                            Jesus Christ, Taking the Name of
                            Jesus Christ, Types of, in Memory of
                            Sacrament

Bible Dictionary:
                                Communion

Guide to the Scriptures:
                                             Sacrament
                                             Atone, Atonement
                                             Baptism, Baptize
                                             Bread of Life
                                             Cross
                                             Jesus Christ
                                             Last Supper
                                             Living Water
                                             Sacrifice

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index page Gospel Principles Comments and Resources

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Moroni 10:4-5
  "4 And when ye shall receive these things, I would exhort you that ye would ask God, the Eternal Father, in the name of Christ, if these things are not true and if ye shall ask with a sincere heart, with real intent, having faith in Christ, he will manifest the truth of it unto you, by the power of the Holy Ghost.
  5 And by the power of the Holy Ghost ye may know the truth of all things."

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