GPC6: The Fall of Adam and Eve, Gospel Principles Comments and Resources

Gospel Principles
Unit 2: Leaving the Presence of God
Chapter 6: The Fall of Adam and Eve
Comments and Resources

"President Joseph Fielding Smith taught:  "Just why the Lord would say to Adam that he forbade him to partake of the fruit of the tree is not made clear in the Bible account, but in the original as it comes to us in the Book of Moses it is made definitely clear.  It is that the Lord said to Adam that if he wished to remain as he was in the garden, then he was not to eat the fruit, but if he desired to eat it and partake of death he was at liberty to do so.  So really it was not in the true sense a transgression of a divine commandment.  Adam made the wise decision, in fact the only decision that he could make." (Joseph Fielding Smith, Answers to Gospel Questions.  4:81.)
During the study of this topic, we will learn the nature and effects of the fall, how much this affected all mankind, and why it was necessary to our eternal growth and progress.


Resources:
Gospel Principles: Chapter 6: The Fall of Adam and Eve
Jesus the Christ, chapter 3.

Scriptures:

2 Nephi 2:15-27; 9:6-10
2 Nephi 2:15-27
  "15 And to bring about his eternal purposes in the end of man, after he had created our first parents, and the beasts of the field and the fowls of the air, and in fine, all things which are created, it must needs be that there was an opposition; even the forbidden fruit in opposition to the tree of life; the one being sweet and the other bitter.
  16 Wherefore, the Lord God gave unto man that he should act for himself.  Wherefore, man could not act for himself save it should be that he was enticed by the one or the other.
  17 And I, Lehi, according to the things which I have read, must needs suppose that an angel of God, according to that which is written, had fallen from heaven; wherefore, he became a devil, having sought that which was evil before God.
  18 And because he had fallen from heaven, and had become miserable forever, he sought also the misery of all mankind.  Wherefore, he said unto Eve, yea, even that old serpent, who is the devil, who is the father of all lies, wherefore he said: Partake of the forbidden fruit, and ye shall not die, but ye shall be as God, knowing good and evil.
  19 And after Adam and Eve had partaken of the forbidden fruit they were driven out of the garden of Eden, to till the earth. 
  20 And they have brought forth children; yea, even the family of all the earth. 
  21 And the days of the children of men were prolonged, according to the will of God, that they might repent while in the flesh; wherefore, their state became a state of probation, and their time was lengthened, according to the commandments which the Lord God gave unto the children of men.  For he gave commandment that all men must repent; for he showed unto all men that they were lost, because of the transgression of their parents.
  22 And now, behold, if Adam had not transgressed he would not have fallen, but he would have remained in the garden of Eden.  And all things which were created must have remained in the same state in which they were after they were created; and they must have remained forever, and had no end.
  23 And they would have had no children; wherefore they would have remained in a state of innocence, having no joy, for they knew no misery; doing no good, for they knew no sin.
  24 But behold, all things have been done in the wisdom of him who knoweth all things.
  25 Adam fell that men might be; and men are, that they might have joy.
  26 And the Messiah cometh in the fulness of time, that he may redeem the children of men from the fall.  And because that they are redeemed from the fall they have become free forever, knowing good from evil; to act for themselves and not to be acted upon, save it be by the punishment of the law at the great and last day, according to the commandments which God hath given.
  27 Wherefore, men are free according to the flesh; and all things are given them which are expedient unto man.  And they are free to choose liberty and eternal life, through the great Mediator of all men, or to choose captivity and death, according to the captivity and power of the devil; for he seeketh that all men might be miserable like unto himself."
2 Nephi 9:6-10
  "6 For as death hath passed upon all men, to fulfil the merciful plan of the great Creator, there must needs be a power of resurrection, and the resurrection must needs come unto man by reason of the fall; and the fall came by reason of transgression; and because man became fallen they were cut off from the presence of the Lord.
  7 Wherefore, it must needs be an infinite atonement save it should be an infinite atonement this corruption could not put on incorruption.  Wherefore, the first judgment which came upon man must needs have remained to an endless duration.  And if so, this flesh must have laid down to rot and to crumble to its mother earth, to rise no more. 
  8 O the wisdom of God, his mercy and grace! For behold, if the flesh should rise no more our spirits must become subject to that angel who fell from before the presence of the Eternal God, and became the devil, to rise no more. 
  9 And our spirits must have become like unto him, and we become devils, angels to a devil, to be shut out from the presence of our God, and to remain with the father of lies, in misery, like unto himself; yea, to that being who beguiled our first parents, who transformeth himself nigh unto an angel of light, and stirreth up the children of men unto secret combinations of murder and all manner of secret works of darkness.
  10 O how great the goodness of our God, who prepareth a way for our escape from the grasp of this awful monster; yea, that monster, death and hell, which I call the death of the body, and also the death of the spirit."


Mosiah 16:  God redeems men from their lost and fallen state Those who are carnal remain as though there was no redemption Christ brings to pass a resurrection to endless life or to endless damnation.  About 148 B.C.


Alma 22:13-14; 42:4-17
Alma 22:13-14
  "13 And Aaron did expound unto him the Scriptures from the creation of Adam, laying the fall of man before him, and their carnal state and also the plan of redemption, which was prepared from the foundation of the world, through Christ, for all whosoever would believe on his name. 
  14 And since man had fallen he could not merit anything of himself; but the sufferings and death of Christ atone for their sins, through faith and repentance, and so forth; and that he breaketh the bands of death, that the grave shall have no victory, and that the sting of death should be swallowed up in the hopes of glory; and Aaron did expound all these things unto the king."

Alma 42:4-17
  "4 And thus we see, that there was a time granted unto man to repent, yea, a probationary time, a time to repent and serve God.
  5 For behold, if Adam had put forth his hand immediately, and partaken of the tree of life, he would have lived forever, according to the word of God, having no space for repentance; yea, and also the word of God would have been void, and the great plan of salvation would have been frustrated.
  6 But behold, it was appointed unto man to die therefore, as they were cut off from the tree of life they should be cut off from the face of the earth and man became lost forever, yea, they became fallen man.
  7 And now, ye see by this that our first parents were cut off both temporally and spiritually from the presence of the Lord; and thus we see they became subjects to follow after their own will.
  8 Now behold, it was not expedient that man should be reclaimed from this temporal death, for that would destroy the great plan of happiness.
  9 Therefore, as the soul could never die, and the fall had brought upon all mankind a spiritual death as well as a temporal, that is, they were cut off from the presence of the Lord, it was expedient that mankind should be reclaimed from this spiritual death. 
  10 Therefore, as they had become carnal, sensual, and devilish, by nature, this probationary state became a state for them to prepare; it became a preparatory state. 
  11 And now remember, my son, if it were not for the plan of redemption, (laying it aside) as soon as they were dead their souls were miserable, being cut off from the presence of the Lord.
  12 And now, there was no means to reclaim men from this fallen state, which man had brought upon himself because of his own disobedience;
  13 Therefore, according to justice, the plan of redemption could not be brought about, only on conditions of repentance of men in this probationary state, yea, this preparatory state; for except it were for these conditions, mercy could not take effect except it should destroy the work of justice.  Now the work of justice could not be destroyed; if so, God would cease to be God.
  14 And thus we see that all mankind were fallen, and they were in the grasp of justice; yea, the justice of God, which consigned them forever to be cut off from his presence. 
  15 And now, the plan of mercy could not be brought about except an atonement should be made; therefore God himself atoneth for the sins of the world, to bring about the plan of mercy, to appease the demands of justice, that God might be a perfect, just God, and a merciful God also.
  16 Now, repentance could not come unto men except there were a punishment, which also was eternal as the life of the soul should be, affixed opposite to the plan of happiness, which was as eternal also as the life of the soul.
  17 Now, how could a man repent except he should sin?  How could he sin if there was no law?  How could there be a law save there was a punishment?"

D&C 29:40-45
  "40 Wherefore, it came to pass that the devil tempted Adam, and he partook of the forbidden fruit and transgressed the commandment, wherein he became subject to the will of the devil, because he yielded unto temptation.
  41 Wherefore, I, the Lord God, caused that he should be cast out from the Garden of Eden, from my presence, because of his transgression, wherein he became spiritually dead, which is the first death, even that same death which is the last death, which is spiritual, which shall be pronounced upon the wicked when I shall say: Depart, ye cursed.
  42 But, behold, I say unto you that I, the Lord God, gave unto Adam and unto his seed, that they should not die as to the temporal death, until I, the Lord God, should send forth angels to declare unto them repentance and redemption, through faith on the name of mine Only Begotten Son.
  43 And thus did I, the Lord God, appoint unto man the days of his probation that by his natural death he might be raised in immortality unto eternal life, even as many as would believe;
  44 And they that believe not unto eternal damnation; for they cannot be redeemed from their spiritual fall, because they repent not;
  45 For they love darkness rather than light, and their deeds are evil, and they receive their wages of whom they list to obey."

Genesis 3: "The Serpent (Lucifer) deceives Eve She and then Adam partake of the forbidden fruit Her Seed (Christ) shall bruise the Serpent s head Role of woman, and of man Adam and Eve cast out of the Garden of Eden Adam presides Eve becomes the mother of all living."

Moses 4: "How Satan became the devil He tempts Eve Adam and Eve fall and death enters the world."

Articles of Faith 1:2  "We believe that men will be punished for their own sins, and not for Adam's transgression."


Topical Guide:
                            Bondage, Spiritual
                            Carnal Mind
                            Death
                            Death, Spiritual, First
                            Fall of Man
                            Man, Natural, Not Spiritually Reborn
                            Mortality
                            Sin
                            Spiritual Blindness

Bible Dictionary:
                                Adam
                                Death
                                Devil
                                Eden, Garden of
                                Eve
                                Fall of Adam
                                Flesh

Guide to the Scriptures:
                                             Fall of Adam and Eve
                                             Adam
                                             Atone, Atonement
                                             Death, Physical
                                             Death, Spiritual
                                             Eve
                                             Jesus Christ
                                             Mortal, Mortality
                                             Natural Man
                                             Plan of Redemption
                                             Redeem, Redeemed, Redemption

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Moroni 10:4-5
  "4 And when ye shall receive these things, I would exhort you that ye would ask God, the Eternal Father, in the name of Christ, if these things are not true and if ye shall ask with a sincere heart, with real intent, having faith in Christ, he will manifest the truth of it unto you, by the power of the Holy Ghost.
  5 And by the power of the Holy Ghost ye may know the truth of all things."

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